Operations on Vectors

Applying the parallelogram rule to add vectors. Representing vector subtraction graphically by connecting the tips in the appropriate order and using their components.

Mapped to CCSS Section# HSN.VM.B.4, HSN.VM.B.4a, HSN.VM.B.4b, HSN.VM.B.4c, HSN.VM.B.5, HSN.VM.B.5a, HSN.VM.B.5b, HSN.VM.C.11

Add and subtract vectors. Add vectors end-to-end, component-wise, and by the parallelogram rule. Understand that the magnitude of a sum of two vectors is typically not the sum of the magnitudes. Given two vectors in magnitude and direction form, determine the magnitude and direction of their sum. Understand vector subtraction v – w as v + (-w), where -w is the additive inverse of w, with the same magnitude as w and pointing in the opposite direction. Represent vector subtraction graphically by connecting the tips in the appropriate order, and perform vector subtraction component-wise. Multiply a vector by a scalar. Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as c(vx, vy) = (cvx, cvy). Compute the magnitude of a scalar multiple cv using ||cv|| = |c|v. Compute the direction of cv knowing that when |c|v ≠ 0, the direction of cv is either along v (for c > 0) or against v (for c < 0). Multiply a vector (regarded as a matrix with one column) by a matrix of suitable dimensions to produce another vector. Work with matrices as transformations of vectors.”