Congruence & Transformations
Comparing segment congruence and angle congruence. Describing the rotations and reflections that carry a shape onto itself. Understanding the meaning of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. Using interactive tools and geometric descriptions to draw and predict the transformed figure using a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another.
Mapped to CCSS Section# HSG.CO.A.2, HSG.CO.A.3, HSG.CO.A.4, HSG.CO.A.5, HSG.CO.B.6
Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself. Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent.